Subkey is a command-line utility for the Substrate framework used to create and manage keys, sign and verify signatures and interact with the keystore file. In this article, we will demonstrate how to build a subkey tool from the source code and then install it so that it is available anywhere in the system.
It is assumed that you already have the Rust toolchain with the nightly release and nightly WebAssembly (wasm) targets installed on your system. These are needed when working with the substrate framework. Check this page on how to install it for Linux.
Step 1 - Download the subkey source from GitHub
The source code for the subkey tool can be found in the official Substrate repository.
So let's clone this repository by using the following command:
git clone https://github.com/paritytech/substrate.git
Within the Substrate repository source code, we are only interested in the subkey. In the next step, we will build and install only this tool.
Step 2 - Build and install the package
First, we need to go to the root of the substrate directory that we just cloned:
Instead of just building the package, we want to install it in the
/root/.cargo/bin/ directory so it is available anywhere on the system.
We can do both, build and install by running the following command:
cargo +nightly install subkey --path bin/utils/subkey
This will build the subkey package located in the substrate repository at
bin/utils/subkey using nightly toolchain. The build might take a few minutes to complete.
/root/.cargo/bin/directory, use the "
cargo +nightly build --package subkey --release" command instead.
Step 3 - Verify that the subkey installed successfully
The subkey binary is located in the
/target/release/ of the substrate directory, but because we used cargo install command, it also copied the binary inside the
/root/.cargo/bin/ directory, so it should be available anywhere on the system.
We might need to start a new shell session for subkey to be available on any path, or we can use the following command to make it available immediately in the current shell session:
We can confirm that the system finds the subkey tool by running the subkey from the current directory:
Possible errors during the subkey build
One error I encountered during the subkey build was related to the libp2p-core package:
This was solved by installing the protobuf-compiler package:
sudo apt install protobuf-compiler
A subkey is a command-line tool for the Substrate framework used in the generation and management of keys and signatures. It is located in the Substrate repository, so we first cloned this repository, then used
cargo install to build the subkey package and finally installed it in the
/root/.cargo/bin/ directory, so that the subkey utility is available anywhere in the system.